Bath Salts: What to Know About the Drug

bath salts drug addiction

The US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) announced emergency scheduling in 2011 to control MDPV, mephedrone and methylone, all chemicals found in bath salts. However, bath salts can also have serious adverse effects, including psychosis, violent behavior, and death. Like other manufactured drugs, bath salts may contain additional unknown substances.

Bath salts contain different types of synthetic cathinones. These drugs may cause a person to feel euphoria and alertness when ingested. However, they can also cause serious side effects, such as psychosis or death. Research on the effects of synthetic cathinones on the brain is limited. But existing literature shows that these substances cause feelings similar to those produced by amphetamines, cocaine and MDMA.

The synthetic cathinones people use to make bath salts are not legal in the U.S. Certain synthetic cathinones are used in medications to treat specific conditions. Others, such as the ones found in bath salts, are illegal in the U.S.

  1. The synthetic version of the drug can cause life-threatening health problems.
  2. Bath salts are also available in tablet or capsule form, which can be taken orally.
  3. To reduce the chances of future substance use, people should seek treatment after they recover from the effects of synthetic cathinones.
  4. Mephedrone is a fine powder that ranges in color from white to off-white to slightly yellow, but it can also be compressed into capsules or tablets.
  5. Bath salts are often sold at convenience stores in small plastic or foil packages weighing between 200 and 500 milligrams.

Addiction is a brain disease that causes compulsive drug-seeking behavior that people continue despite knowing the health, legal and social consequences. It can affect a person’s physical and psychological well-being,relationships and financial standing. NIDA is a biomedical research organization and does not provide personalized medical advice, treatment, counseling, or legal consultation. Information provided by NIDA is not a substitute for professional medical care or legal consultation.

Overdose with bath salts

Bath saltscan trigger euphoria but also result in extreme agitation and paranoia. It can be difficult for a person to stop misusing certain substances, such as alcohol or illegal drugs. There are many different groups and institutions available that provide help and support to people experiencing substance misuse. As Schedule I drugs, alcohol withdrawal symptoms these chemicals have a high potential for abuse and no approved medical use in the United States. However, the illegal chemical ingredients found in bath salts are often tweaked and reintroduced into the market. In the last decade, the number of poison control center calls involving synthetic cathinones in the United States has grown.

bath salts drug addiction

The labels may say the product is plant food or jewelry cleaner in an effort to deceive law enforcement. The packaging often saysthe product is not for human consumption. Treatment for bath salt addiction while still under research, typically involves medication and therapy. Various treatment options are available for substance use disorders like bath salt addiction. Using bath salts can trigger intense cravings and lead to drug binges, making cessation challenging. Regular use increases tolerance, necessitating larger doses to achieve the same effects.


The most popular ingredients include 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone and methylone. These substances are synthetic stimulants with effects similar to amphetamine. Users usually snort the drug up the nose, but it can also been injected, smoked, swallowed or used rectally. Toxic doses for the newer synthetic cathinones such as bath salts have not yet been determined9, and doses can be variable due to the illegal nature of the drug.

The synthetic version of the drug can cause life-threatening health problems. They contain types of synthetic cathinones, which are banned in the U.S. The people who manufacture bath salts intentionally mislabel them in an attempt to avoid legal restrictions.

bath salts drug addiction

If you feel sick or like something is wrong, get immediate medical help. Call 911 if you have any loss of muscle control, chest pain, or difficulty breathing, or if you or someone you know overdoses. You can get intense withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking them, which make it hard not to use again. If you use bath salts for a long time, you can become suspicious (paranoid) of others. Bath salts are among a group called new psychoactive substances.

Are Bath Salts Illegal?

Abuse of these stimulants has led to thousands of cases of overdose, which can be fatal. The initial stage of treatment manages the drug’s immediate side effects, including temperature regulation and aggression. Healthcare providers also screen for co-occurring mental health conditions and devise a treatment plan based on medical advice.

This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include Micromedex (updated 3 Mar 2024), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Mar 2024), ASHP (updated 10 Mar 2024) and others. is it safe to mix alcohol with lipitor Cathinone comes from a plant called khat, found in East Africa and southern Arabia. You can chew the leaves of the khat plant to get a mild stimulant effect. The human-made version of cathinone in bath salts is stronger and more dangerous.

How long does the high last from bath salts?

In July 2012, mephedrone and MDPV were permanently classified as Schedule I substances. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. A person may also find it helpful to speak with their friends and family about their substance misuse. Having the support of loved ones may encourage a person as they find help for their condition. These effects may develop due to taking high levels of bath salts or using them chronically. If you or someone you know has suicidal thoughts while using bath salts, call or text 988 (the national suicide hotline).

Theeffects of bath salts can have devastating consequences on a person’s health. These drugs excite the central nervous system, which can affect heart function and blood pressure. In 2011, former president Barack Obama classified it as a Schedule I controlled substance, including substances like adhd and alcohol mephedrone, methylone, and MDVP. Bath salts are a designer drug of abuse with reports of dangerous intoxication from emergency departments across the US. “Bath salts” are not a hygiene product used for bathing, as the name might imply, but are dangerous synthetic (“man-made”) cathinones.

Research shows that one common synthetic cathinone, called 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), is 10 times stronger than cocaine. If you or someone you know experiences these effects, visit the emergency department immediately. Overdosing on bath salts requires close medical monitoring due to a lack of antidote for overdose cases. Over time, this can lead to physical and psychological dependence as you seek the euphoric feeling the drug provides. Balt salts can lead to serious, and even fatal adverse reactions. The drug effect is a high or “rush” that is similar to methamphetamine (speed).

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